EcoSan Info

.eco1solutions
helping communities around the world INFORMATION ON HUMANURE: HUMUS: NPK: URINE: COMPOST: SUSTAINABLE SANITATION & MORE

VIDEO: A GLOBAL CRISIS


NOT FOR THE FAINT HEARTED!

ECO-SANS – UDDT’s

There are several types of UDDT available, but all of them do the same thing, separate human faeces and urine at source; these are two vital products.

To view the human8ture eocsan system click HERE

HERE ARE SEVERAL EXCELLENT PAPERS ON THE ECONOMICS AND DYNAMICS OF ECO SANITATION- 

Sanitation Markets PATHFINDER PAPER

Micro finance for WASH-NWP

Micro Franchises for Reducing Global Poverty

Micro finance for Sanitationin India

Micro finance for Sanitationin Tanzania

HUMANURE COMPOSTERS: It doesn’t get any simpler, basic (or cheaper) than this. “It makes absolutely no sense at all to create sewage.” TORG

IS THE COMPOSTING OF HUMANURE (FECES & URINE) SAFE? Yes, according to WHO standards.

“Faecal pathogens are dead after one week of composting at a sustained temperature of 122 °f. Biomass still needs time to break down and also go through process of vermiculture. When processed / composted properly from humanure to humus the compost contains no harmful pathogens.” (WHO)

THE LINK BETWEEN SUSTAINABLE SANITATION AND GROWING YOUR OWN HEALTHY FOOD IS HERE: READ THE FACTS NOW!

This fact sheet provides information on the link between
sanitation and agriculture as well as related implications on
health, economy and the environment. It presents examples
of treating and using treated excreta and wastewater in a
productive way and describes the potential for urban
agriculture and resource recovery in rural areas.
Institutional and legal aspects, business opportunities and
management of associated health risks are also discussed.

CREATES AN ENDLESS CYCLE OF GROW : EAT : EXCRETE : COMPOST : etc

IT IS NOT MY CHOICE

JUST STUMBLED UPON THIS PAGE AND COULDN’T RESIST POSTING IT         what your poop & peep is telling you about you!

UN SUSTAINABLE SANITATION

mind map on sustainable sanitaiton

UN SUSTAINABLE SANITATION

CLICK PICTURE TO ENLARGE
FACT: Indian households desperately require a stand-alone sanitation solution
FACT: Human8ture® is the ideal solution (see list)

THE ALTERNATIVES

grassroots wikiAs an alternative to producing a new system, we can offer consultancy to develop a method to suit your needs utilizing your choice of available UDDT and other existing products such as collection devices, bio-bags, composters and management systems.

Central to resolving the current problem of no national sanitation system in developing countries (leading to public defecation and its attendant health issues) is to develop an enclosed, stand-alone system for individual households that;

a) provides a secure place for people to go to the toilet with dignity.
b) is affordable to purchase and cheap to maintain.
c) is hygienic and easy to use.
d) does not have electrical parts
e) does not require a flush system or parts
f) is socially acceptable
g) does not create toxic sludge from human waste
h) finds a creative solution in what to do with human waste
i) is not labour intensive to build and/or maintain
j) improves the health and general well being of the household
k) does not negatively impact the environment (ground water, rivers etc)

Final product designed to meet customer requirements after consultancy.

After on-site consultation we will decide with you on a system to suit your local community and cultural needs, source the required items and put that system into practice. Local personnel will be trained to maintain that (simple) system.

Creates an endless cycle of grow – eat – excrete – compost – grow etc

Learn more about humanure in COMPOSTING AND GARDENING

ANIMAL MANURE MANAGEMENT: facts figures links and so much more on this very informative and authoritative website. Must See!

black soldier fly blog WHO: technique / system for sustainable sanitation

SSWM – is a must see site for all interested in sustainable sanitation

Technology review of urine diversion components at susana
Overview on urine diversion components such as waterless urinals, urine diversion toilets, urine storage and reuse systems

SuSaNa

TOILET VARIETIES

STOP PRESS: JUST IN: A URINAL FOR THE LADIES

MULTRUM TOILETS

multrum toilets

MULTRUM TOILETS

Multrum toilets are yet another alternative; they compost human waste in situ as opposed to UDDT’s that compost waste elsewhere. The disadvantages include bigger footprint, requires concrete construction materials, higher labour costs and takes considerably longer to compost than a UDDT system. Great care must be taken to properly maintain a multrum to avoid it turning anaerobic and stinky.

composter toilet

COMPOSTER

Composter system: In this system the liquids and solids are mixed together with formula in a container. Black-water can be drained to containers / vessels / tanks, or diverted to horticultural land, or stored within the container. When full, the container is removed and replaced with a new one. The contents are transported off-site for composting.

WETLANDS

WETLAND ECO SANS

WETLANDS

Man-made wetlands are constructed systems which mimic natural wetland ecosystems; natural wetlands are the cleansers of Mother Earth’s waters.
These living filters are used to provide advanced treatment, even in areas that have poor soil and high groundwater. They can be used for both black-water and grey-water treatment, which passes first through a septic tank, where the solids are retained and decomposed. The waste-water then passes through to the wetland for processing and a sealed tank filled with porous media and plants, which retain and uptake nutrients. The root zone  allows microorganisms to thrive which also break down compounds in our waste. This system would be more suited to community rather than individual use.

We have a wetlands expert we can assign for consultation

ARBOR LOO

ARBOR LOO

ARBOR LOO

The most basic of toilets is the Arbor Loo, which is very popular in Africa. Basically you dig a hole in the dirt, ‘go’ in it and cover the waste up with dirt. When it’s full you plant a tree on top of it. Pros: it gives a location to ‘go’ as apposed to open defecation. Cons: human waste leaches into the groundwater, especially during rainy season.

 

CESSPITS & SEPTICS

The final alternative is cesspits and / or septic tanks but we do not recommend them as they leach into the groundwater.

FYI: on composting and making good use of our waste body products with the humanure or human8ture system

Faeces: is mixed with formula (sawdust, coir, leaves etc) in the bag. The full bag is deposited/stored in a composter bin where it is converted via aerobic thermophilic composting into humus. This is a rapid bio-digestion process where ideal conditions for growth and colonization of bacteria are created and maintained. The pile heats up from 105°F to 160°F, which kills off all known pathogens. Earth worms find their way to the pile after this (or are introduced) and do their work (vermiculture) The end product is a rich, dark, earthy organic material called humus which is great for the garden.

Note: normal human body temperature is around 34.4–37.8 °C (93.9–100 °F) when we have a fever the body heats up to around 101 / 104 °F to kill off the disease that is ailing it. CLICK HERE

Finally; there is a very comprehensive dissertation on use of urine with bamboo in the link below. You can transpose those figure to other organic growth such as fruit trees. Keep in mind, care must be taken in using urine that may have traces of faeces (e-coli etc) in it on salad plants. The bottom line? Using urine accounts for bigger, healthier crops. CLICK HERE

More references:

SEI: Stockholm Environment Institute -SCHOENNING & STENSTROEM 2004 CLICK HERE

SSWM: Sustainable Sanitation and Water Management: drying and storing of fecaes    CLICK HERE

Clivus Multrum Toilet Systems: link removed as it’s been hijacked by another site. Just Google it

The Practical Handbook of Compost Engineering     CLICK HERE 

Technical application of using worms in compost toilet systems: Vermiculture CLICK HERE

SuSaNa: Sustainable Sanitation Alliance    CLICK HERE

IF YOU HAVE A GREAT IDEA OR WANT TO SHARE A PROJECT PLEASE CONTACT ME :  )

contact for consultation now

Please share this website: By doing so you could help communities, improve the lives of many and perhaps even save a child’s life.

HELPING HAND

 

COMMON HUMAN RIGHTS TO SUSTAINABLE SANITATION

 

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